The Terrain

A dry deciduous forest stretches east from the jungles of Kathiwar-Gir in western India, to edge into the jagged ravines of Central India that have been honed out of rock by the Chambal River. Rugged and dramatic, this unusual landscape creates a unique marine biosphere for some of very rare aquatic species, including the Gangetic Dolphin, the Gharial (crocodile), and the Red-Crowned Roofed Turtle. The National Chambal Sanctuary is situated at the juncture of three states – Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat that creates a very different kind of ecosystem of ravines, coves, inlets, and even small sandy beaches that form on the banks of the Chambal River.

The forest along the Chambal’s banks is a variegated mix of vividly beautiful indigenous species including Acacia, Flame of the Forest, Indian Elm and Indian Plum. The river also attracts a vast number of birds – both resident and migratory, and it’s listed as an Important Bird Area (IBA). Areas like Bah, Dhaulpur, Chashme Shahi and Urmila Sagar are biodiversity hotspots where you have an excellent chance of viewing avifauna like the Indian Pelican and Sarus Crane.

A Bygone Era…

  • The Chambal River is a tributary of the Yamuna, which flows just to it’s north.
  • Several legends, both ancient and modern have been attached to the river and this region.
  • In ancient mythology, it’s referred to as the Charmanvati river – the river on whose banks leather is dried. Some even believe that the river originates from the blood of all the cows that were sacrificed by King Rantideva.
  • Draupadi, the queen of the Pandavas in the epic Mahabharata, is said to have cursed anyone who drinks from its waters.
  • As a result, the river has remained relatively untouched and unpolluted, and has turned into one of the most unique marine natural habitats in all of India.
  • Geologically, it is one of the oldest rivers in the Indian subcontinent and predates both the Ganges and the Yamuna.
Quick Facts

Bera & Jawai

The National Chambal Sanctuary is 5400 square kilometers of natural habitat that is located at the junction of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The biosphere spreads across all three states. It is situated between Agra and Gwalior, in Dholpur in Madhya Pradesh.

Topography: The Chambal River is a tributary of the Yamuna river. It descends from a watershed in the Vindhya mountain range, and its left bank is flanked by craggy escarpments that have been hewn out of the Vindhya mountains. Scrub, shrub and grass for an intricate web of forest along its riverbanks that are richly nourished by the Chambal’s alluvium. The Chambal forces its way through deep gorges and earth erosions caused by its flow. This rain-fed river is even older than the Ganges and the Yamuna, and is one of the most ancient rivers in India.

In Season: The park is open from…

January to December and can be visited year-round.

  • Popular Sightings:
  • Frequently sighted: lorem upsum dolor
  • Ocassionally sighted: lorem upsum dolor
  • Rarely sighted: lorem upsum dolor
  • Extremely rarely sighted: lorem upsum dolor
Tigris trivia

The National Chambal Sanctuary is situated close to the town of Bateshwar, and is just an hour south of Agra. Bateshwar is home to an incredible and ancient complex of a hundred Shiva temples!

Saving a species…

Several very rare species inhabit these waters, the most unique of which is the Indo-Gangetic Dolphin. Very few natural habitats survive for this delightful freshwater creature and the Chambal is one of them.


The National Chambal Park area supports both the mugger and the gharial crocodilian species – which are the two main predators. It is also home to several monitor lizards, eight different species of freshwater turtles, smooth-coated otters, and the heavily endangered Gangetic river dolphins


Besides the crocodiles that inhabit these waters, the other carnivores include the Indian Wolf and the Striped Hyena. Golden Jackals, Jungle Cats, Civets, Bengal Foxes and mongooses also make their home here. There are also several birds of prey including eagles and vultures that feed on a prey-base of rodents and fish.


The banks of the Chambal are a super habitat for various birds. From terns to pochards, harriers to owls, Sarus Cranes and the Greater and Lesser Flamingos, there’s a wide range of avifauna that comes to roost here. Several of the migratory birds that can be seen here during the winter months, come from the far reaches of Siberia.

Getting there…

The nearest airport is at:

  • Agra (88 km/ 2 hour drive)

The nearest railway stations are at:

  • Agra ( 70kms/ 1 hr 45 min drive)

Wake up on the wild side…

Game drives by jeep – /strong> the forest department does not have their own vehicles in Panna, so your game drive is operated by your lodge.

Boat safaris – take a boat ride down the Ken river and watch the crocodiles and several species of water birds. Several animals also come down to the river for a drink.

Village and temple visit – Bateshwar is home to one of India’s most authentic cattle fairs, which takes place every Novemer, and it gives you a glimpse into life in rural India. You can also visit the magnificent temple complex that has over a hundred temples dedicated to Lord Shiva.

When to visit…

The best time to visit is between November and February. The weather is crisp and cool and you can see the migratory birds in January and February as well.

Weather Vane…

Chambal experiences vast extremes of temperature. Summer is very hot and dry with temperatures easily touching 45-50 degrees centigrade (over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. A hot, dry wind blows across the region that is locally known as the “loo”. Winters are cold and the temperature can drop to around 5 degrees centigrade (in the twenties in Fahrenheit).

Your forest hideaway…


The Chambal Safari Lodge: what we love…the quaint “kothis” or cottages are full of rustic, local character and have a distinct charm.

Tiger Tips

  A boat safari is a must over here. Chambal is home to Gharial, crocodiles and Gangetic Dolphins too. It is important to know the correct season during which you can view these species at their best.  

Must Pack…


  • Winters (November to February) – warm clothes, jackets, gloves, mufflers, hats.
  • Summers (March to June) – light coloured loose cotton clothing, a cap, sunglasses, and sunscreen.
  • Wear shades of beige, brown, green that help you to remain camouflaged against the forest foliage.
  • We recommend carrying sturdy walking shoes and socks.

Insect Repellant:

  • We recommend carrying insect repellant to keep bugs and mosquitoes at bay. This is also usually provided to you by your lodge and can be obtained locally.

Gear & Equipment

  • Binoculars and cameras are a tremendous advantage in the forest.
  • We also recommend carrying a global adapter and your own chargers for any electronic devices that you might have and need to charge.
  • An extra set of digital camera batteries and a memory stick is advisable. **Please remember that Internet access in parks is limited and you may not be able to upload your images or videos to the web immediately.